Capacity shortfalls hinder the performance of marine protected areas globally.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly being used globally to conserve marine resources. However, whether many MPAs are being effectively and equitably managed, and how MPA management influences substantive outcomes remain unknown. We developed a global database of management and fish population data (433 and 218 MPAs, respectively) to assess: MPA management processes; the effects of MPAs on fish populations; and relationships between management processes and ecological effects. Here we report that many MPAs failed to meet thresholds for effective and equitable management processes, with widespread shortfalls in staff and financial resources. Although 71% of MPAs positively influenced fish populations, these conservation impacts were highly variable. Staff and budget capacity were the strongest predictors of conservation impact: MPAs with adequate staff capacity had ecological effects 2.9 times greater than MPAs with inadequate capacity. Thus, continued global expansion of MPAs without adequate investment in human and financial capacity is likely to lead to sub-optimal conservation outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gill, DA; Mascia, MB; Ahmadia, GN; Glew, L; Lester, SE; Barnes, M; Craigie, I; Darling, ES; Free, CM; Geldmann, J; Holst, S; Jensen, OP; White, AT; Basurto, X; Coad, L; Gates, RD; Guannel, G; Mumby, PJ; Thomas, H; Whitmee, S; Woodley, S; Fox, HE

Published Date

  • March 22, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 543 / 7647

Start / End Page

  • 665 - 669

PubMed ID

  • 28329771

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-4687

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0028-0836

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nature21708


  • eng