Exercise Training in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure and Atrial Fibrillation.
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of aerobic exercise in heart failure (HF) patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) has not been well evaluated. OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether outcomes with exercise training in HF vary according to AF status. METHODS: HF-ACTION (Heart Failure: A Controlled Trial Investigating Outcomes of Exercise Training) randomized 2,331 ambulatory HF patients with ejection fraction ≤35% to exercise training or usual care. We examined clinical characteristics and outcomes (mortality/hospitalization) by baseline AF status (past history of AF or AF on baseline electrocardiogram vs. no AF) using adjusted Cox models and explored an interaction with exercise training. We assessed post-randomization AF events diagnosed via hospitalizations for AF and reports of serious arrhythmia caused by AF. RESULTS: Of 2,292 patients with baseline rhythm data, 382 (17%) had AF, 1,602 (70%) had sinus rhythm, and 308 (13%) had "other" rhythm. Patients with AF were older and had lower peak Vo2. Over a median follow-up of 2.6 years, AF was associated with a 24% per year higher rate of mortality/hospitalization (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.53; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.34 to 1.74; p < 0.001) in unadjusted analysis; this did not remain significant after adjustment (HR: 1.15; 95% CI: 0.98 to 1.35; p = 0.09). There was no significant difference in AF event rates by randomized treatment assignment in the overall population or by baseline AF status (all p > 0.10). There was no interaction between AF and exercise training on measures of functional status or clinical outcomes (all p > 0.10). CONCLUSIONS: AF in patients with chronic HF was associated with older age, reduced exercise capacity at baseline, and a higher overall rate of clinical events, but not a differential response to exercise training for clinical outcomes or changes in exercise capacity. (Heart Failure: A Controlled Trial Investigating Outcomes of Exercise Training [HF-ACTION]; NCT00047437).
Luo, N; Merrill, P; Parikh, KS; Whellan, DJ; Piña, IL; Fiuzat, M; Kraus, WE; Kitzman, DW; Keteyian, SJ; O'Connor, CM; Mentz, RJ
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)