Religiosity and the Motivation for Social Affiliation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Although universal, the motivation to affiliate can vary as a function of individual differences and of the characteristics of the target. Three studies explored the extent to which religious beliefs and identity are related to social affiliation motivation. Because most religions advocate affiliation and provide opportunities for frequent experiences of affiliation, we reasoned that religious people might show greater affiliation motivation in everyday attitudes and behaviors. We found that religiosity was positively related to implicit and behavioral measures of general social affiliation (Studies 1 and 2). However, manipulating the identity of the affiliation target revealed that when affiliating might not lead to positive outcomes, the relation between religiosity and social affiliation disappeared (but did not reverse). In Studies 2 and 3, when the target of the affiliation was explicitly identified as a member of a threatening out-group (atheist), religiosity did not predict affiliation behaviors. We discuss the mechanisms by which religiosity motivates and constrains social affiliation and the potential implications for social influence and intergroup processes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Van Cappellen, P; Fredrickson, BL; Saroglou, V; Corneille, O

Published Date

  • July 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 113 /

Start / End Page

  • 24 - 31

PubMed ID

  • 28970646

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5621743

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0191-8869

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.paid.2017.02.065


  • eng