Trends in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control among US adults 80 years and older, 1988-2010.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The authors examined trends in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in 1988-1994 (n=1164), 1999-2004 (n=1,026), and 2005-2010 (n=1048) among US adults 80 years and older in serial National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Hypertension was defined as SBP ≥140 mm Hg, DBP ≥90 mm Hg, or use of antihypertensive medication. Awareness and treatment were defined by self-report and control as SBP/DBP<140/90 mm Hg. Mean SBP decreased from 147.3 mm Hg to 140.1 mm Hg and mean DBP from 70.2 mm Hg to 59.4 mm Hg between 1988-1994 and 2005-2010. The prevalence, awareness, and treatment of hypertension each increased over time. Controlled hypertension increased from 30.4% in 1988-1994 to 53.1% in 2005-2010. The proportion of patients taking 3 classes of antihypertensive medication increased from 7.0% to 30.9% between 1988-1994 and 2005-2010. Increases in awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and antihypertensive polypharmacy have been observed among very old US adults.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bromfield, SG; Bowling, CB; Tanner, RM; Peralta, CA; Odden, MC; Oparil, S; Muntner, P

Published Date

  • April 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 270 - 276

PubMed ID

  • 24621268

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8186288

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1751-7176

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/jch.12281


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States