ACR Thyroid Imaging, Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS): White Paper of the ACR TI-RADS Committee.


Journal Article

Thyroid nodules are a frequent finding on neck sonography. Most nodules are benign; therefore, many nodules are biopsied to identify the small number that are malignant or require surgery for a definitive diagnosis. Since 2009, many professional societies and investigators have proposed ultrasound-based risk stratification systems to identify nodules that warrant biopsy or sonographic follow-up. Because some of these systems were founded on the BI-RADS® classification that is widely used in breast imaging, their authors chose to apply the acronym TI-RADS, for Thyroid Imaging, Reporting and Data System. In 2012, the ACR convened committees to (1) provide recommendations for reporting incidental thyroid nodules, (2) develop a set of standard terms (lexicon) for ultrasound reporting, and (3) propose a TI-RADS on the basis of the lexicon. The committees published the results of the first two efforts in 2015. In this article, the authors present the ACR TI-RADS Committee's recommendations, which provide guidance regarding management of thyroid nodules on the basis of their ultrasound appearance. The authors also describe the committee's future directions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tessler, FN; Middleton, WD; Grant, EG; Hoang, JK; Berland, LL; Teefey, SA; Cronan, JJ; Beland, MD; Desser, TS; Frates, MC; Hammers, LW; Hamper, UM; Langer, JE; Reading, CC; Scoutt, LM; Stavros, AT

Published Date

  • May 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 587 - 595

PubMed ID

  • 28372962

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28372962

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-349X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jacr.2017.01.046


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States