Evaluation of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization Rates with Early Plerixafor Administration for Adult Stem Cell Transplantation.
The addition of plerixafor to high-dose colony-stimulating growth factor has been shown to improve stem cell mobilization rates in autologous transplant patients with multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This study evaluates the change in administration time of plerixafor to determine if cell mobilization rates are similar between the US Food and Drug Administration-approved administration time of 11 hours before apheresis and an earlier administration time of 16 hours before apheresis. Medical records of patients age ≥ 18 years undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation requiring the use of plerixafor after at least 4 days of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor therapy to complete stem cell mobilization from January 1, 2010 through September 30, 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The primary outcome was CD34+ cell mobilization success rates when plerixafor was administered 11 ± 2 hours (standard administration group) compared with 16 ± 2 hours before cell apheresis (early administration group), as defined as collection of ≥2 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg. Secondary outcomes included the number of plerixafor therapy days required to collect a total of ≥2 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg, the number of apheresis cycles required to achieve ≥2 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg, the median CD34+ cells/kg collected in each apheresis session, and the rates of reported adverse events that occurred in the standard administration time group compared with the early administration time group. Of the 197 patients included, 114 patients received plerixafor 11 ± 2 hours before apheresis and 83 patients received plerixafor 16 hours ± 2 hours before apheresis. Ninety-four percent of patients in the early administration group achieved successful stem cell mobilization compared with 81.6% in the standard administration group (P = .0111). The median number of plerixafor days to reach the collection goal of ≥2 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg was 1 day for each group (P = .323), and the median number of apheresis days to reach the collection goal was 2 days for the standard administration group compared with 1 day for the early administration group (P = .0156). Most adverse events were similar between the 2 groups except for fever, which occurred in 4.8% of the patients in the early administration group and none of the patients in the standard administration group. This study demonstrates plerixafor effectively mobilizes peripheral blood stem cells when given at an early administration time of 16 hours before apheresis compared with standard administration of 11 hours before apheresis. However, further prospective studies could strengthen these results.
Stover, JT; Shaw, JR; Kuchibhatla, M; Horwitz, ME; Engemann, AM
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