Sofosbuvir and Velpatasvir for the Treatment of Hepatitis C Virus in Patients Coinfected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: An Open-Label, Phase 3 Study.

Published

Journal Article

Background:A safe, simple, effective, and pan-genotypic regimen to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) remains a medical need. We assessed the efficacy and safety of the NS5B polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir and the NS5A inhibitor velpatasvir for HCV in patients coinfected with HIV-1. Methods:This phase 3, open-label, single-arm study at 17 sites in the United States enrolled patients with HCV of any genotype and HIV-1 coinfection, including those with compensated cirrhosis. All patients received sofosbuvir-velpatasvir once daily for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment (SVR12). Efficacy and safety were assessed in all patients receiving at least 1 dose of treatment. Results:Of 106 patients, 91 (86%) were men, 48 (45%) were black, and 19 (18%) had cirrhosis. SVR12 was achieved by 101 of 106 (95% [95% confidence interval {CI}, 89%-99%]) patients: 74 of 78 (95% [95% CI, 87%-99%]) with genotype 1; all 11 (100% [95% CI, 72%-100%]) with genotype 2; 11 of 12 (92% [95% CI, 62%-100%]) with genotype 3; and all 5 (100% [95% CI, 48%-100%]) with genotype 4. All 19 patients with cirrhosis had SVR12. Two patients relapsed, 2 were lost to follow-up, and 1 withdrew consent. Two discontinued treatment due to adverse events and 2 had serious adverse events. The most common adverse events were fatigue (25%), headache (13%), upper respiratory tract infection (8%), and arthralgia (8%). Conclusions:Sofosbuvir-velpatasvir for 12 weeks was safe and provided high rates of SVR12 in patients coinfected with HCV and HIV-1. Clinical Trials Registration:NCT02480712.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wyles, D; Bräu, N; Kottilil, S; Daar, ES; Ruane, P; Workowski, K; Luetkemeyer, A; Adeyemi, O; Kim, AY; Doehle, B; Huang, KC; Mogalian, E; Osinusi, A; McNally, J; Brainard, DM; McHutchison, JG; Naggie, S; Sulkowski, M; ASTRAL-5 Investigators,

Published Date

  • July 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 65 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 6 - 12

PubMed ID

  • 28369210

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28369210

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-6591

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1058-4838

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/cid/cix260

Language

  • eng