Germline Mutations in CDH23, Encoding Cadherin-Related 23, Are Associated with Both Familial and Sporadic Pituitary Adenomas.
Pituitary adenoma (PA) is one of the most common intracranial neoplasms. Several genetic predisposing factors for PA have been identified, but they account for a small portion of cases. In this study, we sought to identify the PA genetic risk factors by focusing on causative mutations for PAs. Among the 4 affected and 17 asymptomatic members from one family with familial PA, whole-exome sequencing identified cosegregation of the PA phenotype with the heterozygous missense mutation c.4136G>T (p.Arg1379Leu) in cadherin-related 23 (CDH23). This mutation causes an amino acid substitution in the calcium-binding motif of the extracellular cadherin (EC) domains of CDH23 and is predicted to impair cell-cell adhesion. Genomic screening in a total of 12 families with familial PA (20 individuals), 125 individuals with sporadic PA, and 260 control individuals showed that 33% of the families with familial PA (4/12) and 12% of individuals with sporadic PA (15/125) harbored functional CDH23 variants. In contrast, 0.8% of the healthy control individuals (2/260) carried functional CDH23 variants. Gene-based analysis also revealed a significant association between CDH23 genotype and PA (p = 5.54 × 10-7
). Moreover, PA individuals who did not harbor functional CDH23 variants displayed tumors that were larger in size (p = 0.005) and more invasive (p < 0.001). Therefore, mutations in CDH23 are linked with familial and sporadic PA and could play important roles in the pathogenesis of PA.
Zhang, Q; Peng, C; Song, J; Zhang, Y; Chen, J; Song, Z; Shou, X; Ma, Z; Peng, H; Jian, X; He, W; Ye, Z; Li, Z; Wang, Y; Ye, H; Zhang, Z; Shen, M; Tang, F; Chen, H; Shi, Z; Chen, C; Chen, Z; Shen, Y; Wang, Y; Lu, S; Zhang, J; Li, Y; Li, S; Mao, Y; Zhou, L; Yan, H; Shi, Y; Huang, C; Zhao, Y
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