Cavity-backed metasurface antennas and their application to frequency diversity imaging.


Journal Article

Frequency diversity antennas with spatially structured radiation patterns reduce the reliance on actively switched elements for beamforming which become increasingly expensive and impractical as frequency increases. As the quality factor Q of a frequency diverse antenna increases, the antenna samples more spatial structure as the number of unique radiated coded spatial patterns correspondingly increases. Antennas that combine hollow cavities and metamaterial apertures achieve both large fractional bandwidth, in excess of 40%, and a high Q of 1600, so that each antenna radiates over 640 unique coded patterns. As compared to switched active antennas, such a passive antenna replaces the 50 antennas and switches that would produce at most (50/2)2 =625 unique patterns. Furthermore, the engineered metamaterial apertures enable a radiation efficiency exceeding 60% to be achieved in a single desired polarization. The theory of cavity-backed metasurface antennas is explained, and frequency diverse imaging is demonstrated with a pair of these antennas.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Marks, DL; Yurduseven, O; Smith, DR

Published Date

  • April 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 34 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 472 - 480

PubMed ID

  • 28375316

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28375316

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-8532

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1084-7529

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1364/josaa.34.000472


  • eng