A Prospective Study of Urinary Prostaglandin E2 Metabolite, Helicobacter pylori Antibodies, and Gastric Cancer Risk.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that a stable end-product of prostaglandin E2, the urinary metabolite PGE-M, is associated with colorectal cancer, and 1 study of relatively small sample size found an association with gastric cancer among women. In the present study we further investigate the PGE-M, Helicobacter pylori, and gastric cancer association. METHODS: The present analysis included 359 prospectively ascertained gastric cancer cases and 700 individually matched controls from the Shanghai Women's and Men's Health Studies. Urinary PGE-M was measured by a liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometric method. Seropositivity to 15 H. pylori recombinantly expressed fusion proteins was detected by H. pylori multiplex serology. RESULTS: Adjusting for H. pylori, increasing PGE-M was associated with higher risk of gastric cancer (quartile 4 vs 1: odds ratio [OR], 1.76 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 1.17-2.66], Ptrend = .004). This association remained after excluding those diagnosed within 2 years from sample collection (OR, 1.73 [95% CI, 1.12-2.65], Ptrend = .007). However it was no longer present among individuals with 10 or more years of follow-up (2-4.9 years: OR, 3.15 [95% CI, 1.11-8.91]; 5-9.9 years: OR, 2.23 [95% CI, 1.22-4.06]; ≥10 years: OR, 0.73 [95% CI, .31-1.70]). Compared to H. pylori-negative individuals with below-median PGE-M levels, H. pylori-positive individuals with above-median PGE-M levels had a 5-fold increase in the odds of gastric cancer (OR, 5.08 [95% CI, 2.47-10.43]). CONCLUSIONS: In China, higher PGE-M levels may indicate an increased risk of gastric cancer independent of the risk conferred by H. pylori infection status, particularly for cancers diagnosed within 10 years of sample collection.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, T; Cai, H; Zheng, W; Michel, A; Pawlita, M; Milne, G; Xiang, Y-B; Gao, Y-T; Li, H-L; Rothman, N; Lan, Q; Shu, X-O; Epplein, M

Published Date

  • May 15, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 64 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 1380 - 1386

PubMed ID

  • 28402440

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5411401

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-6591

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/cid/cix106


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States