Regulation of human nucleus pulposus cells by peptide-coupled substrates.
Nucleus pulposus (NP) cells are derived from the notochord and differ from neighboring cells of the intervertebral disc in phenotypic marker expression and morphology. Adult human NP cells lose this phenotype and morphology with age in a pattern that contributes to progressive disc degeneration and pathology. Select laminin-mimetic peptide ligands and substrate stiffnesses were examined for their ability to regulate human NP cell phenotype and biosynthesis through the expression of NP-specific markers aggrecan, N-cadherin, collagen types I and II, and GLUT1. Peptide-conjugated substrates demonstrated an ability to promote expression of healthy NP-specific markers, as well as increased biosynthetic activity. We show an ability to re-express markers of the juvenile NP cell and morphology through control of peptide presentation and stiffness on well-characterized polyacrylamide substrates. NP cells cultured on surfaces conjugated with α3 integrin receptor peptides P4 and P678, and on α2, α5, α6, β1 integrin-recognizing peptide AG10, show increased expression of aggrecan, N-cadherin, and types I and II collagen, suggesting a healthier, more juvenile-like phenotype. Multi-cell cluster formation was also observed to be more prominent on peptide-conjugated substrates. These findings indicate a critical role for cell-matrix interactions with specific ECM-mimetic peptides in supporting and maintaining a healthy NP cell phenotype and bioactivity. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE:NP cells reside in a laminin-rich environment that deteriorates with age, including a loss of water content and changes in the extracellular matrix (ECM) structure that may lead to the development of a degenerated IVD. There is great interest in methods to re-express healthy, biosynthetically active NP cells using laminin-derived biomimetic peptides toward the goal of using autologous cell sources for tissue regeneration. Here, we describe a novel study utilizing several laminin mimetic peptides conjugated to polyacrylamide gels that are able to support an immature, healthy NP phenotype after culture on "soft" peptide gels. These findings can support future studies in tissue regeneration where cells may be directed to a desired regenerative phenotype using niche-specific ECM peptides.
Bridgen, DT; Fearing, BV; Jing, L; Sanchez-Adams, J; Cohan, MC; Guilak, F; Chen, J; Setton, LA
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