Self-assembled hybrid elastin-like polypeptide/silica nanoparticles enable triggered drug release.

Published

Journal Article

The discovery of biomimetic polypeptides that enable the biomineralization of synthetic and biosynthetic materials has resulted in the development of hybrid materials that incorporate inorganic components for potential application in drug delivery, enzyme immobilization, and surface modification. Here, we describe an approach that uses micellar assemblies of an elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) modified with silica-promoting sequences and drug conjugates that are subsequently encapsulated within a silica matrix. Incorporation of a lysine-rich tag derived from the silaffin R5 peptide into the N-terminus of a hydrophilic ELP that self-assembles upon conjugation of hydrophobic molecules at the C-terminus results in the formation of spherical micelles with a conjugated drug embedded in the core and a corona that is decorated with the silaffin peptide. These micelles serve as the building blocks for the polycondensation of silica into uniform, hybrid polypeptide-silica nanoparticles. We demonstrate proof-of-concept examples using a model hydrophobic small molecule and doxorobucin, a small molecule chemotherapeutic, and further show pH-dependent doxorubicin release from the hybrid nanoparticles.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Han, W; Chilkoti, A; López, GP

Published Date

  • May 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 18

Start / End Page

  • 6178 - 6186

PubMed ID

  • 28447683

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28447683

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2040-3372

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2040-3364

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1039/c7nr00172j

Language

  • eng