Synovial fluid pro-inflammatory profile differs according to the characteristics of knee pain.
OBJECTIVE: The role of inflammation and pain in osteoarthritis (OA) is not fully understood. We evaluated the association between pro-inflammatory biomarkers and pain. METHODS: We used baseline data and samples from a randomized controlled trial of colchicine for symptomatic knee OA. Severity of pain of the more symptomatic knee was assessed by National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey-I (NHANES-I) criterion and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain index. Pains on movement and at rest were self-reported on an 11-point Likert scale. Severity of radiographic tibiofemoral OA was assessed by Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) grade. Concentrations of synovial fluid (sf) IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNFα, C-terminal telopeptides of Type I collagen (CTXI) and C-telopeptide of Type II collagen (CTXII), as well as urinary (u) CTXII were measured. RESULTS: Of the 109 patients enrolled in the study, 70 patients (70% women) with synovial fluid obtained by direct aspiration were included for analysis. The mean ± SD age and body mass index (BMI) of the patients were 57.6 ± 8.3 years and 28.8 ± 5.2 kg/m2. After adjustment for age, sex, and BMI, sf IL-6 and IL-8 were statistically significantly associated with 11-point pain on movement, but not with pain at rest. No significant associations were observed with WOMAC pain scores. sf IL-1β (analyzed as detectable/non-detectable) was inversely associated with pain. In contrast, after adjustment, Sf TNFα was associated with WOMAC total pain and both pain on movement and at rest. sf/u CTXII was associated with radiographic severity, but not with knee pain. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides indication that OA pain mechanisms may differ according to the characteristics of the pain.
Leung, YY; Huebner, JL; Haaland, B; Wong, SBS; Kraus, VB
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