Cardiothoracic Transplant Recipient Mycoplasma hominis: An Uncommon Infection with Probable Donor Transmission.

Published

Journal Article

The role of infection with Mycoplasma hominis following cardiothoracic organ transplantation and its source of transmission have not been well-defined. Here, we identify and describe infection with M. hominis in patients following cardiothoracic organ transplantation after reviewing all cardiothoracic transplantations performed at our center between 1998 and July 2015. We found seven previously unreported cases of M. hominis culture positive infection all of whom presented with pleuritis, surgical site infection, and/or mediastinitis. PCR was used to establish the diagnosis in four cases. In two instances, paired single lung transplant recipients manifested infection, and in one of these pairs, isolates were indistinguishable by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). To investigate the prevalence of M. hominis in the lower respiratory tract, we tested 178 bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids collected from immunocompromised subjects for M. hominis by PCR; all were negative. Review of the literature revealed an additional 15 cases of M. hominis in lung transplant recipients, most with similar clinical presentations to our cases. We recommend that M. hominis should be considered in post-cardiothoracic transplant infections presenting with pleuritis, surgical site infection, or mediastinitis. M. hominis PCR may facilitate early diagnosis and prompt therapy. Evaluation for possible donor transmission should be considered.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sampath, R; Patel, R; Cunningham, SA; Arif, S; Daly, RC; Badley, AD; Wylam, ME

Published Date

  • May 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 /

Start / End Page

  • 84 - 90

PubMed ID

  • 28438507

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28438507

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2352-3964

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.04.026

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands