Th9 lymphocytes: A recent history from IL-9 to its potential role in rheumatic diseases.


Journal Article (Review)

Various subtypes of effector T cells have been described up to date, and each one has its specific immunological function and a defined cytokine secretion profile. Th9 lymphocytes, recently described, are characterized by a high IL-9 expression. Their differentiation requires the integration of IL-4 and TGF-β signaling pathways and the coordinated participation of multiple transcription factors. Their role has been mainly found in immunity against parasites and in allergic inflammatory processes. Nevertheless, they have been implicated in processes as autoimmunity, cancer and recently in rheumatic diseases. The objective of this review is to describe the discovery of this cellular subtype, its differentiation, expression regulation and its potential role in rheumatic diseases.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Rojas-Zuleta, WG; Vásquez, G

Published Date

  • July 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 649 - 655

PubMed ID

  • 26921642

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26921642

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-0183

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1568-9972

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.autrev.2016.02.020


  • eng