Outcomes of 27-Gauge Vitrectomy-Assisted Choroidal and Subretinal Biopsy.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report the initial experience of 27-gauge vitrectomy-assisted choroidal and subretinal biopsy PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective, interventional case series. Eighteen eyes of 18 patients undergoing 27-gauge vitrectomy-assisted choroidal (n = 16) or subretinal biopsy (n = 2). Clinical and lesion characteristics, cytopathology, histology, gene expression profiling (GEP), visual acuity (VA), complications including vitreous hemorrhage (VH), development of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD), and need for additional surgeries were analyzed. RESULTS: Indications were choroidal melanoma (n = 10), indeterminate choroidal (n = 5), and subretinal lesions (n = 3). Mean lesion height was 3.33 mm ± 1.55 mm (range: 0.80 mm to 6.75 mm) and largest diameter was 8.63 mm ± 4.14 mm (range: 3 mm to 15.5 mm). Mean number of intralesional biopsy passes required was 1.76 ± 0.83 (range: one to four). During a mean follow-up of 7.4 months ± 2.7 months (range: 4 months to 14 months), VA was unchanged (0.5 logMAR ± 0.6 logMAR vs. 0.7 logMAR ± 0.84 logMAR; P = .07). Pathologic diagnosis was obtained in 16 of 18 eyes (88.9%), and GEP data were collected for all 11 choroidal melanomas. Post-biopsy VH occurred in 13 of 18 eyes (72.2%) and was severe enough to require a concurrent limited vitrectomy in six eyes (33.3%). These eyes had a greater lesion height compared to eyes not requiring a vitrectomy (4.08 mm ± 1.68 mm vs. 2.76 mm ± 1.43 mm; P = .04). A rhegmatogenous RD requiring repeat surgery developed in two of 18 eyes (11.1%). CONCLUSION: The authors concluded that 27-gauge vitrectomy-assisted choroidal and subretinal biopsy established a diagnosis in 88.9% of eyes in lesions 0.8 mm or larger. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2017;48:406-415.].
Grewal, DS; Cummings, TJ; Mruthyunjaya, P
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