Inhibition of the Continuum of Radiation-Induced Normal Tissue Injury by a Redox-Active Mn Porphyrin.

Published

Journal Article

Normal tissue damage after head and neck radiotherapy involves a continuum of pathologic events to the mucosa, tongue and salivary glands. We examined the radioprotective effects of MnBuOE, a redox-active manganese porphyrin, at three stages of normal tissue damage: immediate (leukocyte endothelial cell [L/E] interactions), early (mucositis) and late (xerostomia and fibrosis) after treatment. In this study, mice received 0 or 9 Gy irradiation to the oral cavity and salivary glands ± MnBuOE treatment. Changes in leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions were measured 24 h postirradiation. At 11 days postirradiation, mucositis was assessed with a cathepsin-sensitive near-infrared optical probe. Stimulated saliva production was quantified at 11 weeks postirradiation. Finally, histological analyses were conducted to assess the extent of long-term effects in salivary glands at 12 weeks postirradiation. MnBuOE reduced oral mucositis, xerostomia and salivary gland fibrosis after irradiation. Additionally, although we have previously shown that MnBuOE does not interfere with tumor control at high doses when administered with radiation alone, most head and neck cancer patients will be treated with the combinations of radiotherapy and cisplatin. Therefore, we also evaluated whether MnBuOE would protect tumors against radiation and cisplatin using tumor growth delay as an endpoint. Using a range of radiation doses, we saw no evidence that MnBuOE protected tumors from radiation and cisplatin. We conclude that MnBuOE radioprotects normal tissue at both early and late time points, without compromising anti-tumor effects of radiation and cisplatin.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Birer, SR; Lee, C-T; Choudhury, KR; Young, KH; Spasojevic, I; Batinic-Haberle, I; Crapo, JD; Dewhirst, MW; Ashcraft, KA

Published Date

  • July 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 188 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 94 - 104

PubMed ID

  • 28517962

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28517962

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1938-5404

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1667/RR14757.1.S1

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States