Successful treatment of pneumatosis intestinalis with associated pneumoperitoneum and ileus with hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI), or the presence of air in the bowel wall, is a rare disorder that is associated with a variety of underlying diseases, including connective tissue disorders. PI presents on a spectrum from asymptomatic to bowel obstruction and acute abdomen. In general, treatment of PI consists of treating the underlying disease. Both normobaric and hyperbaric oxygen have been used to treat PI directly. Here we report a symptomatic scleroderma-related case of PI that responded clinically to hyperbaric oxygen therapy. This report adds to a growing body of literature supporting a role for hyperbaric oxygen therapy in symptomatic PI.
Calabrese, E; Ceponis, PJ; Derrick, BJ; Moon, RE
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