Stanniocalcin-1 Is an Ocular Hypotensive Agent and a Downstream Effector Molecule That Is Necessary for the Intraocular Pressure-Lowering Effects of Latanoprost.
To identify downstream signaling molecules through which intraocular pressure (IOP) is lowered following treatment with the prostaglandin analog latanoprost.Total RNA and protein isolated from primary human Schlemm's canal cells (n = 3) treated with latanoprost (free acid; 100 nM) were processed for quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis. IOP was evaluated in stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1-/-) and wild-type mice following treatment with latanoprost or Rho kinase inhibitor Y27632. Human anterior segment pairs (n = 8) were treated with recombinant STC-1 (5, 50, or 500 ng/mL) and pressure was recorded using custom-designed software. The effect of recombinant STC-1 (0.5 mg/mL) on IOP was evaluated in wild-type mice. Tissue morphology was evaluated by light and transmission electron microscopy.Increased STC-1 mRNA (4.0- to 25.2-fold) and protein expression (1.9- to 5.1-fold) was observed within 12 hours following latanoprost treatment. Latanoprost reduced IOP in wild-type mice (22.0% ± 1.9%), but had no effect on STC-1-/- mice (0.5% ± 0.7%). In contrast, Y27632 reduced IOP in both wild-type (12.5% ± 1.2%) and in STC-1-/- mice (13.1% ± 2.8%). Human anterior segments treated with STC-1 (500 ng/mL) showed an increase in outflow facility (0.15 ± 0.03 to 0.27 ± 0.09 μL/min/mm Hg) while no change was observed in paired vehicle-treated controls. Recombinant STC-1 reduced IOP in wild-type mice by 15.2% ± 3.0%. No observable morphologic changes were identified between treatment groups when evaluated by microscopy.Latanoprost-induced reduction of IOP is mediated through the downstream signaling molecule STC-1. When used by itself, STC-1 exhibits ocular hypotensive properties.
Roddy, GW; Viker, KB; Winkler, NS; Bahler, CK; Holman, BH; Sheikh-Hamad, D; Roy Chowdhury, U; Stamer, WD; Fautsch, MP
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