Endovascular management of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas.
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVF) are the most common subset of the larger group of spinal vascular malformations. In this chapter, we discuss the definition, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of spinal dAVF. Special attention is given to clinical approach, imaging, and diagnosis with discussion of newer spinal magnetic resonance angiographic techniques. Endovascular management techniques are discussed, including technical and safety considerations for the performance of spinal angiography and various methods of embolization. Embolization media, including liquid embolics, particles, and coils, are introduced. Finally, clinical and imaging outcomes are discussed with attention to the clinical and imaging findings of dAVF recurrence.
Brown, PA; Zomorodi, AR; Gonzalez, LF
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)