Symmetric minimally entangled typical thermal states for canonical and grand-canonical ensembles

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Based on the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG), strongly correlated quantum many-body systems at finite temperatures can be simulated by sampling over a certain class of pure matrix product states (MPS) called minimally entangled typical thermal states (METTS). When a system features symmetries, these can be utilized to substantially reduce MPS computation costs. It is conceptually straightforward to simulate canonical ensembles using symmetric METTS. In practice, it is important to alternate between different symmetric collapse bases to decrease autocorrelations in the Markov chain of METTS. To this purpose, we introduce symmetric Fourier and Haar-random block bases that are efficiently mixing. We also show how grand-canonical ensembles can be simulated efficiently with symmetric METTS. We demonstrate these approaches for spin-1/2 XXZ chains and discuss how the choice of the collapse bases influences autocorrelations as well as the distribution of measurement values and, hence, convergence speeds.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Binder, M; Barthel, T

Published Date

  • May 22, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 95 / 19

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2469-9969

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2469-9950

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.195148

Citation Source

  • Scopus