21: DETERMINANTS OF VASCULAR INFLAMMATION BY 18-FLUORODEOXYGLUCOSE PET/MRI: FINDINGS FROM THE PSORIASIS, ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND CARDIOMETABOLIC DISEASE INITIATIVE

Published

Conference Paper

Purpose of StudyPsoriasis (PSO), a chronic inflammatory disease associated with increased CV risk, provides a clinical human model to study inflammatory atherogenesis. We aimed to assess the major determinants of vascular inflammation (VI) measured by 18FDG PET-MRI in a well-phenotyped PSO cohort.Methods Used124 consecutive patients with PSO underwent 18FDG PET-MRI scans. We used target-to-background ratio to quantify VI 120 minutes post FDG injection. Homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was measured, along with cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) and HDL particle concentration by NMR (Liposcience) fasting.Summary of ResultsOur cohort was middle aged (mean 49±13.3 years) with mild to moderate PSO, and low CV risk (median Framingham Risk Score (FRS) 2, IQR 2–6). PSO was associated with increased VI (β=0.27, p<0.005), compared to healthy controls. VI was associated with HOMA-IR (β=0.26, p<0.001), CEC (β=−0.12, p=0.04) and HDL particle concentration (β=−0.19, p=0.003) beyond traditional CV risk factors (age, gender, FRS and BMI). Among these, HOMA-IR provided maximum incremental value in predicting VI beyond traditional risk factors (χ2=39.36, p<0.001).ConclusionsVI by FDG PET MRI is associated with traditional CV risk factors and cardiometabolic parameters. Insulin resistance and CEC were most strongly associated with VI by 18FDG PET-MRI beyond traditional CV risk factors and BMI in PSO suggesting that cardiometabolic disease increases CV risk in PSO.Abstract 21 Figure 1

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kabbany, MT; Joshi, AA; Ahlman, M; Rodante, J; Lerman, JB; Aberra, T; Silverman, J; Dahiya, A; Bluemke, DA; Playford, MP; Mehta, NN

Published Date

  • March 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 64 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 815.2 - 816

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1708-8267

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1081-5589

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1136/jim-2016-000080.37