UHRF1 is required for basal stem cell proliferation in response to airway injury.

Published online

Journal Article

Cellular senescence is a cell fate characterized by an irreversible cell cycle arrest, but the molecular mechanism underlying this senescence hallmark remains poorly understood. Through an unbiased search for novel senescence regulators in airway basal cells, we discovered that the epigenetic regulator ubiquitin-like with PHD and ring finger domain-containing protein 1 (UHRF1) is critical for regulating cell cycle progression. Upon injury, basal cells in the mouse airway rapidly induce the expression of UHRF1 in order to stimulate stem cell proliferation and tissue repair. Targeted depletion of Uhrf1 specifically in airway basal cells causes a profound defect in cell cycle progression. Consistently, cultured primary human basal cells lacking UHRF1 do not exhibit cell death or differentiation phenotypes but undergo a spontaneous program of senescence. Mechanistically, UHRF1 loss induces G1 cell cycle arrest by abrogating DNA replication factory formation as evidenced by loss of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) puncta and an inability to enter the first cell cycle. This proliferation defect is partially mediated by the p15 pathway. Overall, our study provides the first evidence of an indispensable role of UHRF1 in somatic stem cells proliferation during the process of airway regeneration.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Xiang, H; Yuan, L; Gao, X; Alexander, PB; Lopez, O; Lau, C; Ding, Y; Chong, M; Sun, T; Chen, R; Liu, S-Q; Wu, H; Wan, Y; Randell, SH; Li, Q-J; Wang, X-F

Published Date

  • 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 /

Start / End Page

  • 17019 -

PubMed ID

  • 28626588

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28626588

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2056-5968

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/celldisc.2017.19

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England