Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Ocular Infections: A Systematic Review of the Literature.


Journal Article (Review)

Nontuberculous or atypical mycobacterial ocular infections have been increasing in prevalence over the past few decades. They are known to cause periocular, adnexal, ocular surface and intraocular infections and are often recalcitrant to medical therapy. These infections can potentially cause detrimental outcomes, in part due to a delay in diagnosis. We review 174 case reports and series on nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) ocular infections and discuss etiology, microbiology, risk factors, diagnosis, clinical presentation, and treatment of these infections. History of interventions, trauma, foreign bodies, implants, contact lenses, and steroids are linked to NTM ocular infections. Steroid use may prolong the duration of the infection and cause poorer visual outcomes. Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment with multiple antibiotics are necessary to achieve the best visual outcome.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Kheir, WJ; Sheheitli, H; Abdul Fattah, M; Hamam, RN

Published Date

  • 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2015 /

Start / End Page

  • 164989 -

PubMed ID

  • 26106601

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26106601

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2314-6141

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1155/2015/164989


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States