Safety and Effectiveness of a Small Incision Lateral Eyebrow Ptosis Repair Technique Using a Frontalis Muscle Transposition Flap.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a frontalis muscle transposition flap for treatment of lateral eyebrow ptosis. METHODS: The charts of all patients undergoing frontalis muscle transposition flap eyebrow ptosis repair from December 2013 to September 2014 were reviewed. Charts with inadequate photographs were excluded. Charts were reviewed for demographics, preoperative and postoperative photographs, surgical technique, and complications. The following parameters were assessed on preoperative and postoperative photographs: corneal diameter, central brow height, and lateral brow height. Measurements were normalized to a standard corneal diameter of 11.5 mm. Statistical analysis was performed in conjunction with the Cleveland Health Institute Biostatistics Department. RESULTS: Forty-six total patients underwent frontalis muscle transposition flap eyebrow ptosis repair and the charts of 31 patients (53 cases) were reviewed. There were 20 female and 11 male patients. Average age was 69.1 ± 7.7 years (range: 50 - 86 years). There were 9 unilateral and 22 bilateral cases. Concomitant surgeries included upper blepharoplasty (33 cases), conjunctival-Mullerectomy blepharoptosis repair (3 cases), and intralesional tetracycline injection for festoons (3 cases). Average follow-up interval between surgery and the final postoperative photograph was 10.2 weeks (range: 6-26 weeks). Overall, lateral brow height increased postoperatively by 1.78 mm (p < 0.05). In patients that underwent frontalis muscle transposition flap alone, lateral brow height increased by 2.86 mm (p < 0.05). Scalp hypesthesia was documented in 10/31 patients, and resolved in 8/10 patients at last follow up. CONCLUSIONS: A frontalis muscle transposition flap effectively addresses lateral eyebrow ptosis repair through a small, relatively concealed incision. It produces temporary scalp hypesthesia in a significant number of patients, and long-term results remain unknown.
Ganapathy, PS; Chundury, RV; Perry, JD
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