Transport of the synthetic opioid peptide DADLE ([D-Ala2,D-Leu5]-enkephalin) in neuronal cells.


Journal Article

The sodium-coupled oligopeptide transporters 1 and 2 (SOPT1 and SOPT2) transport peptides consisting of at least five amino acids and show potential for the delivery of therapeutically relevant peptides/peptidomimetics. Here, we examined the expression of these two transporters in the retinal neuronal cell line RGC-5. These cells showed robust uptake activity for the synthetic pentapeptide DADLE ([D-Ala(2),D-Leu(5)]-Enkephalin). The uptake was Na(+) dependent and saturable (K(t), 6.2 ± 0.6 μM). A variety of oligopeptides inhibited DADLE uptake. The uptake of the competing oligopeptides was directly demonstrated with fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Leu-Arg-Arg-Ile-Arg-Pro-Lys-Leu-Lys in RGC-5 cells and primary mouse retinal ganglion cells. The characteristics of DADLE uptake matched those of SOPT2. We then examined the expression of SOPT1 in these cells with deltorphin II (Tyr-D-Ala-Phe-Glu-Val-Val-Gly-NH(2)) as the substrate and found that RGC-5 cells also expressed SOPT1. As it is already known that SOPT1 is expressed in the neuronal cell line SK-N-SH, we investigated SOPT2 expression in these cells to determine whether the presence of both oligopeptide transporters is a common feature of neuronal cells. These studies showed that SK-N-SH cells also expressed SOPT2. This constitutes the first report on the functional characterization of SOPT1 and SOPT2 in retinal neuronal cells and on the expression of SOPT2 in nonretinal neuronal cells.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Ananth, S; Thakkar, SV; Gnana-Prakasam, JP; Martin, PM; Ganapathy, PS; Smith, SB; Ganapathy, V

Published Date

  • January 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 101 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 154 - 163

PubMed ID

  • 21905028

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21905028

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-6017

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jps.22733


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States