Cellulose nanocrystal zero-valent iron nanocomposites for groundwater remediation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Zero-valent iron nanoparticles (nano-ZVIs) have been widely studied for in situ remediation of groundwater and other environmental matrices. Nano-ZVI particle mobility and reactivity are still the main impediments in achieving efficient in situ groundwater remediation. Compared to the nano-ZVI "coating" strategy, nano-ZVI stabilization on supporting material allows direct contact with the contaminant, reduces the electron path from the nano-ZVI to the target contaminant and increases nano-ZVI reactivity. Herein, we report the synthesis of nano-ZVI stabilized by cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) rigid nanomaterials (CNC-nano-ZVI; Fe/CNC = 1 w/w) with two different CNC functional surfaces (-OH and -COOH) using a classic sodium borohydride synthesis pathway. The final nanocomposites were thoroughly characterized and the reactivity of CNC-nano-ZVIs was assessed by their methyl orange (MO) dye degradation potential. The mobility of nanocomposites was determined in (sand/glass bead) porous media by utilizing a series of flowthrough transport column experiments. The synthesized CNC-nano-ZVI provided a stable colloidal suspension and demonstrated high mobility in porous media with an attachment efficiency (α) value of less than 0.23. In addition, reactivity toward MO increased up to 25% compared to bare ZVI. The use of CNC as a delivery vehicle shows promising potential to further improve the capability and applicability of nano-ZVI for in situ groundwater remediation and can spur advancements in CNC-based nanocomposites for their application in environmental remediation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bossa, N; Carpenter, AW; Kumar, N; de Lannoy, C-F; Wiesner, M

Published Date

  • June 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1294 - 1303

PubMed ID

  • 29725541

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5929147

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2051-8161

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2051-8153

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1039/c6en00572a

Language

  • eng