Plasma lipoprotein subfraction concentrations are associated with lipid metabolism and age-related macular degeneration.

Published

Journal Article

Disturbance in lipid metabolism has been suggested as a major pathogenic factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Conventional lipid measures have been inconsistently associated with AMD. Other factors that can alter lipid metabolism include lipoprotein phenotype and genetic mutations. We performed a case-control study to examine the association between lipoprotein profile and neovascular AMD (nAMD) and whether the cholesterylester transfer protein (CETP) D442G mutation modulates these associations. Patients with nAMD had significantly higher concentrations of HDL and IDL compared with controls. The increase in HDL particles in nAMD patients was driven by an excess of medium-sized particles. Concurrently, patients with nAMD also had lower Apo A-1, lower VLDL and chylomicron lipoprotein. Many of these associations showed a dose-dependent association between controls, early AMD cases, and nAMD cases. Adjustment for the presence of the D442G mutation at the CETP locus did not significantly alter the increased AMD risk associated with HDL particle concentration. AMD is associated with variation in many lipoprotein subclasses, including increased HDL and IDL particles and decreased Apo A-1, VLDL, and chylomicron particles. These data suggest widespread systemic disturbance in lipid metabolism in the pathogenesis of AMD, including possible alterations in lipoprotein carrier capacity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cheung, CMG; Gan, A; Fan, Q; Chee, ML; Apte, RS; Khor, CC; Yeo, I; Mathur, R; Cheng, C-Y; Wong, TY; Tai, ES

Published Date

  • September 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 58 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1785 - 1796

PubMed ID

  • 28698208

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28698208

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1539-7262

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1194/jlr.M073684

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States