Significant association between vitamin D deficiency and sepsis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Published online

Journal Article (Review)

BACKGROUND: A number of observational studies have found an association between low vitamin D levels and risk of sepsis. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the overall estimate of risk. METHODS: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis conducted by online searches (CENTRAL, PubMed/MEDLINE, and EMBASE) was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42014014767). Primary outcome was incidence, prevalence, relative risk or odds ratio of having sepsis or bloodstream infection between patients with vitamin D deficiency and controls. RESULTS: The initial search yielded 647 articles. Twenty-one articles underwent full-length review and data were extracted from 10 observational studies. Pooled odds ratio of sepsis in participants with vitamin D deficiency was 1.78 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.55 to 2.03, p < 0.01) compared with controls in studies that reported participant numbers and was 1.45 (95% CI = 1.26 to 1.66, p < 0.01) in studies that reported an adjusted odds ratio of vitamin D deficiency for developing sepsis. Statistical between-study heterogeneity was low (I(2) = 0% and 5%, respectively). Standardized mean difference of 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in patients with sepsis and controls was -0.24 (95% CI = -0.49 to 0.00, p = 0.05) and lower in the sepsis group compared with non-sepsis or control participants. The statistical between-study heterogeneity (I(2)) was 0%. CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency were associated with an increased susceptibility of sepsis.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Upala, S; Sanguankeo, A; Permpalung, N

Published Date

  • June 4, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 /

Start / End Page

  • 84 -

PubMed ID

  • 26041306

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26041306

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1471-2253

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s12871-015-0063-3


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England