Practice-based research networks add value to evidence-based quality improvement.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Background: Evidence-Based Quality Improvement (EBQI) is a systematic, multilevel approach to implementing research evidence into clinical settings. Little is known about EBQI effectiveness in the context of Practice-Based Research Networks (PBRNs), which are themselves designed to foster practice-based change. We evaluated EBQI implementation in a PBRN setting to determine the extent to which the PBRN infrastructure added value. METHODS: We conducted a four-site cluster randomized trial of an EBQI approach to tailoring an evidence-based gender awareness curriculum in the VA Women’s Health PBRN (WH-PBRN). After curriculum implementation, site teams identified impacts of the WH-PBRN context on EBQI processes using qualitative methods, including a formal review of project call minutes, post-project debriefing calls, and structured site team input. WH-PBRN site feedback was mapped to the Replicating Effective Programs implementation phases: pre-condition, pre-implementation, implementation, and maintenance/evolution. RESULTS: The pre-condition phase benefited from the existing WH-PBRN research-clinician relationships to facilitate stakeholder engagement and build project buy-in at local sites. During pre-implementation, differences across WH-PBRN sites offered variations in local tailoring of EBQI elements. The WH-PBRN Coordinating Center helped resolve process complexities stemming from local resource differences and the sharing of mid-project adaptations during implementation. Local efforts were amplified in the maintenance phase by WH-PBRN dissemination of findings. Conclusions: The PBRN strengthened multi-site EBQI activities across all implementation phases. Implications: PBRNs contribute to the uptake of evidence into everyday practice, and may serve as an important component of the future implementation of evidence-based initiatives. Level of evidence: V.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Goldstein, KM; Vogt, D; Hamilton, A; Frayne, SM; Gierisch, J; Blakeney, J; Sadler, A; Bean-Mayberry, BM; Carney, D; DiLeone, B; Fox, AB; Klap, R; Yee, E; Romodan, Y; Strehlow, H; Yosef, J; Yano, EM

Published Date

  • June 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 128 - 134

PubMed ID

  • 28711505

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7935418

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2213-0772

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.hjdsi.2017.06.008


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands