Expression of spinach glycolate oxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: purification and characterization.

Published

Journal Article

Glycolate oxidase from spinach has been expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The active enzyme was purified to near-homogeneity (purification factor approximately 1400-fold) by means of hydroxyapatite and anion-exchange chromatography. The purified glycolate oxidase is nonfluorescent and has absorbance peaks at 448 (epsilon = 9200 M-1 cm-1) and 346 nm in 0.1 M phosphate buffer, pH 8.3. The large bathochromic shift of the near-UV band indicates that the N(3) position is deprotonated at pH 8.3. A pH titration revealed that the pK of the N(3) is shifted from 10.3 in free flavin to 6.4 in glycolate oxidase. Glycolate oxidase is competitively inhibited by oxalate with a Kd of 0.24 mM at 4 degrees C in 0.1 M phosphate buffer, pH 8.3. Three pieces of evidence demonstrate that glycolate oxidase stabilizes a negative charge at the N(1)-C(2 = O) locus: the enzyme forms a tight sulfite complex with a Kd of 2.7 x 10(-7) M and stabilizes the anionic flavosemiquinone and the benzoquinoid form of 8-mercapto-FMN. Steady-state analysis at pH 8.3, 4 degrees C, yielded a Km = 1 x 10(-3) M for glycolate and Km = 2.1 x 10(-4) M for oxygen. The turnover number has been determined to be 20 s-1. Stopped-flow studies of the reductive (k = 25 s-1) and oxidative (k = 8.5 x 10(4) M-1 s-1) half-reactions have identified the reduction of glycolate oxidase to be the rate-limiting step.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Macheroux, P; Massey, V; Thiele, DJ; Volokita, M

Published Date

  • May 7, 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 18

Start / End Page

  • 4612 - 4619

PubMed ID

  • 1850628

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1850628

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-2960

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/bi00232a036

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States