A contextual approach to experiential avoidance and social anxiety: evidence from an experimental interaction and daily interactions of people with social anxiety disorder.

Published

Journal Article

Experiential avoidance (EA), the tendency to avoid internal, unwanted thoughts and feelings, is hypothesized to be a risk factor for social anxiety. Existing studies of experiential avoidance rely on trait measures with minimal contextual consideration. In two studies, we examined the association between experiential avoidance and anxiety within real-world social interactions. In the first study, we examined the effect of experiential avoidance on social anxiety in everyday life. For 2 weeks, 37 participants with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) and 38 healthy controls provided reports of experiential avoidance and social anxiety symptoms during face-to-face social interactions. Results showed that momentary experiential avoidance was positively related to anxiety symptoms during social interactions and this effect was stronger among people with SAD. People low in EA showed greater sensitivity to the level of situational threat than high EA people. In the second study, we facilitated an initial encounter between strangers. Unlike Study 1, we experimentally created a social situation where there was either an opportunity for intimacy (self-disclosure conversation) or no such opportunity (small-talk conversation). Results showed that greater experiential avoidance during the self-disclosure conversation temporally preceded increases in social anxiety for the remainder of the interaction; no such effect was found in the small-talk conversation. Our findings provide insight into the association between experiential avoidance on social anxiety in laboratory and naturalistic settings, and demonstrate that the effect of EA depends upon level of social threat and opportunity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kashdan, TB; Goodman, FR; Machell, KA; Kleiman, EM; Monfort, SS; Ciarrochi, J; Nezlek, JB

Published Date

  • August 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 769 - 781

PubMed ID

  • 24749634

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24749634

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1931-1516

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1528-3542

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/a0035935

Language

  • eng