Adjuvant Chemotherapy Does Not Confer Superior Survival in Patients With Atypical Carcinoid Tumors.
BACKGROUND: Although the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with pathologically node-positive (pN+) atypical carcinoid tumor of the lung is an accepted practice, controversy exists about its use in pathologically node-negative (pN0) patients. Our aim was to determine whether a survival advantage exists in patients receiving chemotherapy postoperatively for pN0 or pN+ atypical carcinoid tumors of the lung. METHODS: Adult patients treated with lobectomy or pneumonectomy for pulmonary atypical carcinoid tumor were identified using the National Cancer Data Base, 2006 to 2011. Propensity scoring (4:1 nearest neighbor algorithm) and survival analysis were used to examine the association between adjuvant chemotherapy and pN+ versus pN0 atypical carcinoid tumors. RESULTS: Of the total 581 patients identified with a diagnosis of atypical carcinoid of the lung, 363 (62.5%) were found to be node negative at the time of operation and 218 (37.5%) had node-positive disease. Adjuvant chemotherapy was used in 15 patients (4.1%) with pN0 disease and 89 patients (40.8%) with pN+ disease. Unadjusted survival, at 12 and 60 months, was similar between pN+ patients who were treated with adjuvant chemotherapy versus patients who received operation alone (adjuvant chemotherapy: 98.9% at 12 months and 47.9% at 60 months versus operation alone: 98.4% and 12 months and 67.1% at 60 months, p = 0.46) and for propensity-matched pN0 (adjuvant chemotherapy: 86.7% at 12 months and 73.3% at 60 months versus operation alone: 87.9% at 12 months and 72.3% at 60 months, p = 0.54). CONCLUSIONS: In a national-level analysis, the use of adjuvant chemotherapy postoperatively in patients with pN+ and pN0 disease conferred no survival advantage; further study is needed to determine proper chemotherapy use for these patients.
Anderson, KL; Mulvihill, MS; Speicher, PJ; Yerokun, BA; Gulack, BC; Nussbaum, DP; Harpole, DH; D'Amico, TA; Berry, MF; Hartwig, MG
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