Updated survival analysis of two sequential prospective trials of R-MACLO-IVAM followed by maintenance for newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma.

Published

Journal Article

A phase II trial of R-MACLO-IVAM followed by thalidomide maintenance for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) demonstrated promising progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates. Thalidomide maintenance was associated with significant toxicity and was subsequently modified to rituximab maintenance. Herein, we present updated results and follow-up. Two sequential phase II trials included chemotherapy-naïve patients with MCL up to 75 years old. Four cycles of R-MACLO-IVAM chemotherapy were delivered as previously described. Patients who achieved complete responses (CR) were eligible for thalidomide or rituximab maintenance therapy. Among 36 patients enrolled, the MCL International Prognostic Index (MIPI) was low in 53%, intermediate in 36% and high in 11%. Thirty-five patients completed at least 2 cycles of chemotherapy; 34 (94%) achieved a CR. After a median follow-up of 74.4 months, the 5-year PFS was 51% (95% CI 33-68%) and the 5-year OS was 85% (95% CI 73-97%). Two deaths occurred during the chemotherapy phase due to disease progression and neutropenic sepsis, respectively. One patient developed secondary acute myeloid leukemia after 7 years. R-MACLO-IVAM chemotherapy is effective for patients with newly diagnosed MCL.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hosein, PJ; Sandoval-Sus, JD; Goodman, D; Arteaga, AG; Reis, I; Hoffman, J; Stefanovic, A; Rosenblatt, JD; Lossos, IS

Published Date

  • June 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 90 / 6

Start / End Page

  • E111 - E116

PubMed ID

  • 25737247

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25737247

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-8652

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/ajh.23996

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States