Urologic pelvic surgery following mesh hernia repair.
PURPOSE: Few and controversial reports have recently appeared on the role of previously performed surgery in the inguinal region using a prosthetic mesh and the ensuing difficulties encountered by urologists during radical retropubic prostatectomy. We analyzed our experience with various surgical urological procedures performed after prior low abdominal wall hernia repair with synthetic mesh. METHODS: We reviewed our database for all patients who underwent mesh repair of lower abdominal hernias and subsequent urologic surgery in our department between 2002 and 2008. Their perioperative parameters, complications, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients (one female) underwent pelvic urologic surgery for benign and malignant disease after having undergone previous prosthetic hernia repair. The mean patient age was 75.3 years (range 58-91). The mean interval between hernia repair and pelvic urologic surgery was 3.8 years (range 1-7). Twenty-two patients underwent previous mesh inguinal hernia repair and one had prosthetic postoperative ventral hernia repair after a transabdominal hysterectomy. The urologic procedures included 16 open suprapubic prostatectomies, two radical cystoprostatectomies, one bladder augmentation, and four laparoscopic radical prostatectomies. Severe postoperative complications were abortion of surgery (n = 1), inability to perform lymph node dissection (n = 2), bleeding (n = 1), bladder injury (n = 2), and additional surgery (n = 3: mesh removal, transurethral prostatectomy, and transurethral fulguration of the prostatic fossa). CONCLUSIONS: Prior application of synthetic mesh during abdominal wall surgery creates difficulties during subsequent urological procedures and may dictate change in operative planning. Nevertheless, the surgery is feasible and should not be ruled out.
Tsivian, A; Brodsky, O; Shtricker, A; Tsivian, M; Benjamin, S; Sidi, AA
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