Portal vein oxygen supply through a liver extracorporeal device to treat acute liver failure in Swine induced by subtotal hepatectomy: preliminary data.

Published

Journal Article

AIM: To determine whether the increase of oxygen supply in the portal system by a liver extracorporeal (L.E.O.NARDO) device is effective in treating swine with subtotal hepatectomy leading to acute liver failure (ALF). METHODS: Eight swine with ALF induced by 85% to 90% liver resection and 5 minutes of ischemia-reperfusion injury were randomly divided into two groups: four animals received L.E.O.NARDO treatment and four swine were not treated (control group). Blood was withdrawn from the iliac artery and reversed in the portal venous system. An extracorporeal device was interposed between the outflow and the inflow in order to monitor the hemodynamic parameters. Each treatment lasted 6 hours. Serum and liver samples were collected in both groups. The survival was assessed at 1 week. RESULTS: L.E.O.NARDO treatment yielded beneficial effects for subtotal hepatectomy-induced ALF in swine with decreased serum transaminases as compared with the untreated group. International normalized ratio recovered rapidly in the L.E.O.NARDO group, remaining significantly lower than in untreated animals. The 7-day survival of L.E.O.NARDO group swine was significantly higher than that of untreated animals, with a significant difference. Three swine in the L.E.O.NARDO group survived 1 week while none of the swine in the control group were alive at that time. CONCLUSIONS: Oxygen supply in the portal vein through the L.E.O.NARDO device is easily applicable, efficacious, and safe and may represent a novel approach for ALF in swine induced by subtotal liver resection.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Nardo, B; Montalti, R; Puviani, L; Pacilè, V; Beltempo, P; Bertelli, R; Licursi, M; Neri, F; Prezzi, D; Tsivian, M; Pariali, M; Cianciavicchia, D

Published Date

  • May 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1190 - 1192

PubMed ID

  • 16757303

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16757303

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0041-1345

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.transproceed.2006.03.057

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States