Protective effect of an inhibitor of interleukin-8 (meraxin) from ischemia and reperfusion injury in a rat model of kidney transplantation.
INTRODUCTION: Since the ischemia and reperfusion injury is one of the main causes of delayed graft function after transplantation, research efforts have focused on studying the molecules involved in this inflammatory process. The chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) seems to be the main one responsible through a chemoattractive action toward neutropils. Therefore, one of the strategies adopted to prevent this process is blocking the binding between IL-8 and its receptors. The aim of our study was to test the effect of meraxin, a new derivative from repertaxin, to protect the renal graft from ischemia and reperfusion injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty male syngenic rats were divided into four groups. The control group underwent only kidney transplantation, while the other groups were treated with meraxin at various dosages 2 hours before graft reperfusion. Blood and histological samples were taken at sacrifice 24 hours after transplantation. RESULTS: Creatinine was significantly lower in the group treated with the high dosage of meraxin. Histological observation of the grafted tissue showed instead only a mild and not significant neutrophilic infiltration, equal in each group. CONCLUSIONS: Graft function was improved by the administration of meraxin at high dosage, but this effect did not seem to be connected to a reduction in inflammatory infiltration in the parechymal tissue. Maybe the cause is in the mechanisms of clotting activation, due to alteration of adhesion molecules and endothelial cells.
Neri, F; Puviani, L; Tsivian, M; Prezzi, D; Pacilé, V; Cavallari, G; Bertelli, R; Bianchi, E; Piras, GL; Pariali, M; Cavalieri, B; Bertini, R; Faenza, A; Nardo, B
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