Airway interventions in children with Pierre Robin Sequence.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the interventions required for successful airway management in children with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS). STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The records of both a cleft and craniofacial clinic and a pediatric otolaryngology clinic were searched, and all children with PRS were identified. Data concerning feeding interventions, airway interventions, and comorbid conditions were extracted. RESULTS: Seventy-four cases of PRS were identified. Thirty-eight of the 74 children required airway intervention other than prone positioning. Fourteen of these 38 were managed nonsurgically with nasopharyngeal airway and/or short-term endotracheal intubation, whereas the remaining 24 required surgical intervention. Eighteen of the 24 underwent distraction osteogenesis of the mandible, one underwent tracheostomy, and five underwent tracheostomy followed by eventual distraction. CONCLUSION: In our series, over 50 percent of children with PRS required an airway intervention. These were both nonsurgical and surgical. As otolaryngologists, we must be prepared for the challenges children with PRS may present and the interventions that may be necessary to successfully manage these difficult airways.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Meyer, AC; Lidsky, ME; Sampson, DE; Lander, TA; Liu, M; Sidman, JD

Published Date

  • June 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 138 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 782 - 787

PubMed ID

  • 18503855

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0194-5998

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.otohns.2008.03.002


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England