Does CT wand guidance improve shunt placement in patients with hydrocephalus?

Published

Journal Article

OBJECT: To evaluate the effectiveness of stereotactic navigation in enhancing the accuracy of ventricular shunt placement in patients with hydrocephalus. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study at a single institution by a single surgeon was performed. Consecutive patients who underwent implantation of a ventricular shunt for the management of hydrocephalus between July 2001 and December 2011 were included in the study, totaling 535 patients. Patients were classified as either having optimal or sub-optimal placement of the shunt into the ventricle. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used. RESULTS: Overall, 93.8% of patients were found to have optimal shunt placement. On multivariate analysis, navigation use was not significantly associated with improved accuracy of shunt placement (odds ratio [OR] = 0.54; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.19-1.54; p = 0.25). Pseudotumor cerebri diagnosis was significantly associated with increased odds of sub-optimal shunt placement (OR = 6.41; 95% CI = 1.90-21.59; p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: CT guided navigation did not significantly improve the accuracy of ventricular shunt placement in adults with hydrocephalus for an experienced surgeon. Further studies are required to assess the utility of CT guided navigation for less experienced surgeons and patients with small or dysmorphic ventricles.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Moran, D; Kosztowski, TA; Jusué-Torres, I; Orkoulas-Razis, D; Ward, A; Carson, K; Hoffberger, J; Elder, BD; Goodwin, CR; Rigamonti, D

Published Date

  • May 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 132 /

Start / End Page

  • 26 - 30

PubMed ID

  • 25746318

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25746318

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-6968

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.clineuro.2015.02.007

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands