Direct heart shunt placement for CSF diversion: technical note.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The authors report a complex case of an 18-year-old male with a history of hydrocephalus secondary to intraventricular hemorrhage of prematurity, with more than 30 previous shunt revisions, who presented to the authors' institution with shunt malfunction. After exhausting his peritoneal cavity and pleural space as possible distal sites of shunt placement, he underwent a direct heart shunt placement when it was discovered he had thrombosis of his subclavian vein precluding a standard wire-guided atrial cannulation. His course was complicated by postoperative distal catheter migration and repeat surgery for reimplantation of the shunt directly into the atrium. At the 16-month follow-up visit, the patient showed no symptoms of shunt malfunction or pericardial effusion. Imaging studies demonstrated a functioning shunt system. This is the second reported successful ventricle to direct heart shunt placement in an adult. The authors report on the technical aspects of the case and review the relevant literature.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Moses, ZB; Ozpinar, A; Abd-El-Barr, MM; Quinonez, LG; Emani, SM; Goumnerova, LC

Published Date

  • December 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 663 - 666

PubMed ID

  • 27589597

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1933-0715

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3171/2016.5.PEDS15638


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States