Pentalogy of Cantrell with ectopia cordis totalis, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, and tetralogy of Fallot: a case report and review of the literature.
Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare condition with a varied expression and a high mortality. We present a patient with the classic pentad (type 1), but with a previously undescribed constellation of cardiac manifestations including ectopia cordis totalis, total anomalous pulmonary venous return, and tetralogy of Fallot. This case reminds us of the challenges associated with the management of various forms of this condition. We discuss the prenatal diagnosis, genetic basis, postnatal evaluation, and management of this entity.
Restrepo, MS; Cerqua, A; Turek, JW
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