A Tissue Engineered Blood Vessel Model of Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome Using Human iPSC-derived Smooth Muscle Cells.
Hutchison-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) is a rare, accelerated aging disorder caused by nuclear accumulation of progerin, an altered form of the Lamin A gene. The primary cause of death is cardiovascular disease at about 14 years. Loss and dysfunction of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in the vasculature may cause defects associated with HGPS. Due to limitations of 2D cell culture and mouse models, there is a need to develop improved models to discover novel therapeutics. To address this need, we produced a functional three-dimensional model of HGPS that replicates an arteriole-scale tissue engineered blood vessel (TEBV) using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived SMCs from an HGPS patient. To isolate the effect of the HGPS iSMCs, the endothelial layer consisted of human cord blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells (hCB-EPCs) from a separate, healthy donor. TEBVs fabricated from HGPS iSMCs and hCB-EPCs show reduced vasoactivity, increased medial wall thickness, increased calcification and apoptosis relative to TEBVs fabricated from normal iSMCs or primary MSCs. Additionally, treatment of HGPS TEBVs with the proposed therapeutic Everolimus, increases HGPS TEBV vasoactivity and increases iSMC differentiation in the TEBVs. These results show the ability of this iPSC-derived TEBV to reproduce key features of HGPS and respond to drugs.
Atchison, L; Zhang, H; Cao, K; Truskey, GA
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