Manipulation of small-molecule inhibitory kinetics modulates MCH-R1 function.
The capacity of novel benzopyridazinone-based antagonists to inhibit MCH-R1 function, relative to their affinity for the receptor, has been investigated. Three compounds that differ by the addition of either a chlorine atom, or trifluoromethyl group, have nearly identical receptor affinities; however their abilities to inhibit receptor elicited signaling events, measured as a function of time, are dramatically altered. Both the chlorinated and trifluoromethyl modified compounds have a very slow on-rate to maximal functional inhibition relative to the unmodified base compound. A similar impact on inhibitory capacity can be achieved by modifying the side-chain composition at position 2.53 of the receptor; replacement of the native phenylalanine with alanine significantly reduces the amount of time required by the chlorinated compound to attain maximal functional inhibition. The primary attribute responsible for this alteration in inhibitory capacity appears to be the overall bulk of the amino acid at this position-substitution of the similarly sized amino acids leucine and tyrosine results in phenotypes that are indistinguishable from the wild type receptor. Finally, the impact of these differential inhibitory kinetics has been examined in cultured rat neurons by measuring the ability of the compounds to reverse MCH mediated inhibition of calcium currents. As observed using the cell expression models, the chlorinated compound has a diminished capacity to interfere with receptor function. Collectively, these data suggest that differential inhibitory on rates between a small-molecule antagonist and its target receptor can impact the ability of the compound to modify the biological response(s) elicited by the receptor.
Schwarz, DA; Allen, MM; Petroski, RE; Pomeroy, JE; Heise, CE; Mistry, MS; Selkirk, JV; Nottebaum, LM; Grey, J; Zhang, M; Goodfellow, VS; Maki, RA
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