Area report: Venezuela
The forest products industry of Venezuela, South America, has been decreasing significantly due to political instability, lack of investment opportunities, and reduced industry competition. The industry receives minimal investment, with the approval of only capital projects that keep domestic operations running, while foreign investment is discouraged. The companies of the Venezuelan pulp and paper industry, including Kimberly-Clark, Smurfit Kappa, and Invepapel, are not heavily competitive as each of them targets a different segment within the industry. The country's regulations, imposed due to Land and Agrarian Development Law for establishing forest plantations in soil classes VII and VIII, also have significantly affected investments in forest plantations. Government-managed private firms also do not provide much opportunity for the businesses to make significant changes and improvements in their operations. Other factors that further limit production increases within the country include lack of modern infrastructure and facilities, availability of raw materials, and availability of workforce.
González, R; Dasmohapatra, S; Carrero-G, O; Saloni, D
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)