Effects of the Novel Long-Acting GLP-1 Agonist, Albiglutide, on Cardiac Function, Cardiac Metabolism, and Exercise Capacity in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction.

Published

Journal Article

This study sought to determine if glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 ameliorates myocardial metabolic abnormalities in chronic heart failure.Albiglutide (GSK716155) is a GLP-1 agonist indicated for type 2 diabetes.We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled study evaluating 12 weeks of albiglutide in New York Heart Association II or III subjects with ejection fraction <40%. Subjects received weekly placebo (n = 30) or albiglutide 3.75 mg (n = 12), 15 mg (n = 13), or 30 mg (n = 27). The primary comparison was between albiglutide 30 mg and placebo. Assessments included echocardiography, 6-minute-walk test, and peak oxygen consumption. In a subgroup of patients, myocardial glucose and oxygen use were assessed. Endpoints are reported as change from baseline ± SE.Albiglutide 30 mg compared with placebo did not improve change from baseline in left ventricular ejection fraction (2.4% [1.1%] vs. 4.4% [1.1%]; p = 0.22), 6-min walk test (18 [12] m vs. 9 [11] m; p = 0.58), myocardial glucose use (p = 0.59), or oxygen use (p = 0.25). In contrast, albiglutide 30 mg versus placebo improved change from baseline in peak oxygen consumption (0.9 [0.5] ml/kg/min vs. -0.6 [0.5] ml/kg/min; p = 0.02). Albiglutide was well tolerated.Although there was no detectable effect of albiglutide on cardiac function or myocardial glucose use, there was a modest increase in peak oxygen consumption, which could have been mediated by noncardiac effects. (A Multi-center, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety of GSK716155 and Its Effects on Myocardial Metabolism, Myocardial Function, and Exercise Capacity in Patients With NYHA Class II/III Congestive Heart Failure; NCT01357850).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lepore, JJ; Olson, E; Demopoulos, L; Haws, T; Fang, Z; Barbour, AM; Fossler, M; Davila-Roman, VG; Russell, SD; Gropler, RJ

Published Date

  • July 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 4 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 559 - 566

PubMed ID

  • 27039125

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27039125

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2213-1787

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2213-1779

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jchf.2016.01.008

Language

  • eng