Prebond Testing and Test-Path Design for the Silicon Interposer in 2.5-D ICs
In interposer-based 2.5-D integrated circuits, the passive silicon interposer is the least expensive component in the chip. Thus, it is desirable to test the interposer before bonding to ensure that more expensive and defect-free dies are not stacked on a faulty interposer. We present an efficient method to locate defects in a passive interposer before stacking. The proposed test architecture uses e-fuses that can be programmed to connect or disconnect functional paths inside the interposer. The concept of die footprint is utilized for interconnect testing, and the overall assembly and test flow is described. Moreover, the concept of weighted critical area is defined and utilized to reduce test time. In order to fully determine the location of each e-fuse and the order of functional interconnects in a test path, we also present a test-path design algorithm. The proposed algorithm can generate all test paths for interconnect testing. We present HSPICE simulation results to demonstrate the effectiveness of the prebond test solution. Test-path designs are also presented to highlight the efficiency of the test-path design algorithm. The benefit of using weighted critical area is demonstrated using a commercial interposer from industry.
Wang, R; Li, Z; Kannan, S; Chakrabarty, K
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