Hypoxia-upregulated microRNA-630 targets Dicer, leading to increased tumor progression.

Published

Journal Article

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNA molecules that affect cellular processes by controlling gene expression. Recent studies have shown that hypoxia downregulates Drosha and Dicer, key enzymes in miRNA biogenesis, causing a decreased pool of miRNAs in cancer and resulting in increased tumor growth and metastasis. Here we demonstrate a previously unrecognized mechanism by which hypoxia downregulates Dicer. We found that miR-630, which is upregulated under hypoxic conditions, targets and downregulates Dicer expression. In an orthotopic mouse model of ovarian cancer, delivery of miR-630 using 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) nanoliposomes resulted in increased tumor growth and metastasis, and decreased Dicer expression. Treatment with the combination of anti-miR-630 and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor antibody in mice resulted in rescue of Dicer expression and significantly decreased tumor growth and metastasis. These results indicate that targeting miR-630 is a promising approach to overcome Dicer deregulation in cancer. As demonstrated in the study, use of DOPC nanoliposomes for anti-miR delivery serves as a better alternative approach to cell line-based overexpression of sense or antisense miRNAs, while avoiding potential in vitro selection effects. Findings from this study provide a new understanding of miRNA biogenesis downregulation observed under hypoxia and suggest therapeutic avenues to target this dysregulation in cancer.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rupaimoole, R; Ivan, C; Yang, D; Gharpure, KM; Wu, SY; Pecot, CV; Previs, RA; Nagaraja, AS; Armaiz-Pena, GN; McGuire, M; Pradeep, S; Mangala, LS; Rodriguez-Aguayo, C; Huang, L; Bar-Eli, M; Zhang, W; Lopez-Berestein, G; Calin, GA; Sood, AK

Published Date

  • August 18, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 33

Start / End Page

  • 4312 - 4320

PubMed ID

  • 26725326

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26725326

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5594

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/onc.2015.492

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England