Development and pilot testing of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) on hoarseness.
OBJECTIVES: To develop a valid and reliable tool for an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) on hoarseness. To pilot-test the feasibility by assessing residents' clinical skills in various core competencies while assessing hoarseness on a standardized patient (SP). STUDY DESIGN: Educational tool development. METHODS: The OSCE checklists were developed using modified Delphi technique after obtaining feedback from faculty involved in providing care to hoarseness patients. SP-based and rest stations were created to assess clinical skills. Twelve Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery residents participated in the study. Video recordings of residents' performance and their written documentation were rated by faculty members. RESULTS: The OSCE that we developed is a valid method of assessing residents' clinical skills for evaluating hoarseness. Senior residents performed better in all of the tasks such as obtaining history and performing a physical exam on an SP, ability to perform flexible laryngoscopy on a mannequin, and interpretation of radiologic findings. Internal consistency assessed by Cronbach's alpha as measure of inter-item reliability was 0.92 for laryngoscopic station and 0.95 for radiology station. CONCLUSIONS: This OSCE can be effectively used for the objective assessment of clinical competency in hoarseness. Our pilot study evaluated multiple competencies on a single occasion, including medical knowledge, patient care, professionalism, and communication and interpersonal skills. Clinical competence in history taking, physical examination, flexible fiber-optic laryngoscopy, and ability to interpret radiologic findings improved with increasing year of training. This OSCE provides targeted assessment of practice-based learning and feedback for improvement of clinical performance.
Stewart, CM; Masood, H; Pandian, V; Laeeq, K; Akst, L; Francis, HW; Bhatti, NI
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