Treatment of an acquired Factor XIII inhibitor in an adolescent with systemic lupus erythematosus and renal failure.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Factor (F)XIII deficiency is a rare inherited bleeding disorder, but can also be acquired due to the development of inhibitors. CASE REPORT: A 17-year-old female with systemic lupus erythematosus and end-stage kidney disease secondary to Class IV lupus nephritis developed spontaneous subcutaneous and muscular hematomas and delayed major bleeding after invasive procedures. She had abnormal kaolin thromboelastography (kTEG; decreased maximal amplitude, representative of clot strength) initially attributed to thrombocytopenia and uremic platelet dysfunction, but her FXIII activity was undetectable, and a high-titer antibody against FXIII was identified. She had improvement in clinical bleeding and in kaolin thromboelastogram result and transient improvement in FXIII activity after each dose of plasma-derived FXIII concentrate (Corifact) or cryoprecipitate. Her inhibitor titers gradually improved with multiple immunosuppressive therapies and plasma exchange. While her FXIII activity level remained mildly decreased, she has not had additional significant bleeding. CONCLUSION: Treatment with either plasma-derived FXIII or cryoprecipitate is an effective treatment to normalize the kTEG variables and clinical bleeding diatheses associated with acquired FXIII inhibitors. Higher doses may be needed in patients with high-titer inhibitor.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rabik, CA; Atkinson, MA; Sule, S; Strouse, JJ

Published Date

  • September 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 57 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 2159 - 2163

PubMed ID

  • 28707410

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28707410

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-2995

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/trf.14185

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States