Assessing the effort associated with teaching residents.
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative resident education is an integral mission of academic medical centers and serves as the basis for training the next generation of surgeons. The actual effort associated with teaching residents is unknown as it pertains to additional operative time. Using a large validated multi-institutional dataset, this study aims to quantify the effect of having a resident present in common plastic surgery procedures on operative time. Future directions for developing standardized methods to record and report teaching time are proposed, which can help inform prospective studies. STUDY DESIGN: The 2006-2012 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was queried to identify seven isolated plastic surgical procedures that were categorized based on resident involvement and supervision. Linear regression models were used to calculate the difference in operative time with respect to resident participation while controlling for patient and operative factors. RESULTS: Resident involvement was associated with longer operative times for muscle flap trunk procedures (53 min, 95% CI = [25, 80], p-value = 0.0002) and breast reconstruction procedures with a latissimus dorsi flap (55 min, 95% CI = [22, 88], p-value = 0.001). For six of the seven surgeries evaluated, resident involvement was associated with longer operative times, as compared to no resident involvement. CONCLUSION: Resident involvement is associated with an increase in operative time for certain plastic surgery procedures. This finding underscores the need for a mechanism to quantify the time and effort that the attending surgeons allocate toward intraoperative resident education. Further study is also necessary to determine the causal impact on patient care.
Aibel, KR; Truong, T; Shammas, RL; Cho, EH; Buretta, KJ; Pomann, G-M; Hollenbeck, ST
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